Why was King Alfonso XIII called the African?

Following World War I, Spain entered the lengthy yet victorious Rif War (1920–1926) to preserve its colonial rule over northern Morocco. Critics of the monarchy thought the war was an unforgivable loss of money and lives, and nicknamed Alfonso el Africano (“the African”).

Who was King of Spain during the Spanish American War?

Alfonso XIII, (born May 17, 1886, Madrid, Spain—died February 28, 1941, Rome, Italy), Spanish king (1902–31) who by authorizing a military dictatorship hastened his own deposition by advocates of the Second Republic.

What monument is Alfonso XII?

The Monument to Alfonso XII (Spanish: Monumento a Alfonso XII) is located in Buen Retiro Park (El Retiro), Madrid, Spain. The monument is situated on the east edge of an artificial lake near the center of the park. Monument to Alfonso XII.

Location Buen Retiro Park, Madrid, Spain
Height 30 metres (98 ft)
Opening date 1922

Who was King of Spain in ww1?

Alfonso XIII García Sanz, Carolina: Alfonso XIII, King of Spain , in: 1914-1918-online.

Who ruled Spain in 1918?

As the end of the war approached in 1918, the country faced a difficult social and political situation. Alfonso XIII, the King of Spain, ruled a socially divided country with most of its close to 20,000,000 citizens impoverished because of the lack of trade and supplies that resulted from World War I.

Who won the Spanish Civil War?

Nationalists The Nationalists won the war, which ended in early 1939, and ruled Spain until Franco’s death in November 1975.

What was the Spanish goal for the Catholic Church?

What role did the Catholic Church play in the Spanish colonies? The church had missions which included the church, town, and farmlands. There goal was to convert Native Americans to Christianity. They also increased Spanish control over land.

What happened to Spain after the Spanish-American War?

The Treaty of Paris ending the Spanish-American War was signed on December 10, 1898. In it, Spain renounced all claim to Cuba, ceded Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States and transferred sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States for $20 million.

Why is 1898 important?

The Spanish-American War of 1898 ended Spain’s colonial empire in the Western Hemisphere and secured the position of the United States as a Pacific power. The United States also annexed the independent state of Hawaii during the conflict.

What city did Alfonso become king in the end?

Rather than risk civil war, Alfonso left the country. After traveling to Austria, Switzerland, England, and Egypt, he finally settled in Rome.

Who was the queen of Spain in 1920?

Victoria Eugénie Victoria Eugénie, Queen of Spain.

Which microorganism was responsible for the Spanish flu?

No diagnostic tests existed at the time that could test for influenza infection. In fact, doctors didn’t know influenza viruses existed. Many health experts at the time thought the 1918 pandemic was caused by a bacterium called “Pfeiffer’s bacillus,” which is now known as Haemophilus influenzae.

Did Spain fight in ww2?

During World War II, the Spanish State under Francisco Franco espoused neutrality as its official wartime policy. In 1941 Franco approved the recruitment of volunteers to Germany on the guarantee that they only fight against the Soviet Union and not against the western Allies.

How many died in the Spanish Civil War?

The Spanish Civil War proved to be a breeding ground for mass atrocities, carried out by belligerents eager to eradicate their ideological opponents. About 500,000 people lost their lives in the conflict. Of these, about 200,000 died as the result of systematic killings, mob violence, torture, or other brutalities.

Why did the Spanish republic fail?

The Second Spanish Republic played an important role in the country’s history. It began as a late consequence of the stock market crash of 1929 and was terminated by the dictatorship of General Franco, who emerged victorious from the Spanish Civil War after plotting a military coup against the republic.

Why did Franco win the civil war?

As well as being very politically astute, Franco was also competent tactically – his decision to fight a war of attrition played into the hands of the Nationalists who were better equipped and organised than the Republicans.

What happened to Spain after the civil war?

In Spain, the Republican defenders of Madrid raise the white flag over the city, bringing to an end the bloody three-year Spanish Civil War. In 1931, Spanish King Alfonso XIII approved elections to decide the government of Spain, and voters overwhelmingly chose to abolish the monarchy in favor of a liberal republic.

How did Spain defend and spread Catholicism?

Answer Expert Verified. Spanish missionaries spread Catholicism through America by preaching the doctrine to the native Indians. The Franciscan religious order was one of the first that arrived after the conquest and started their missions because the Pope had said that “Indians wer capable of learning Catholicism”.

Did conquistadors spread Christianity?

The Spanish Roman Catholicism was the official religion of Spain, so Spanish explorers and soldiers, called conquistadors, sought to spread Catholicism throughout their colonies, in addition to accumulating wealth and power.

How did Spanish spread Catholicism?

Spanish missionaries carried Catholicism to the New World and the Philippines, establishing various missions in the newly colonized lands. The missions served as a base for both administering colonies as well as spreading Christianity.

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