Who was the pope in 1689?

Alexander VIII Alexander VIII, original name Pietro Vito Ottoboni, (born April 22, 1610, Venice [Italy]—died February 1, 1691, Rome), pope from 1689 to 1691, best known for his condemnation of Gallicanism, a French clerical and political movement that sought to limit papal authority.

Who was pope in 1660?

Pope Alexander VIII Pope Alexander VIII – Wikipedia.

Did the pope fund William of Orange?

AN often forgotten fact about the Battle of the Boyne in 1690 was that the Pope of the day supported the Protestant King William of Orange against the Catholic King James II.

What did pope Innocent XI do?

Much of his reign was concerned with tension with Louis XIV of France. He lowered taxes in the Papal States, produced a surplus in the papal budget and repudiated nepotism within the Church. Innocent XI was frugal in matters of governing the Papal States, from dress to leading a life with Christian values.

Who was the first pope?

Peter Peter, traditionally considered the first pope.

How many pope Innocent’s were there?

Pope Innocent I (401–417) Pope Innocent II (1130–1143) Pope Innocent III (1198–1216) Pope Innocent IV (1243–1254)

Who was pope in 1680?

Popé Popé or Po’pay (/ˈpoʊpeɪ/; c. 1630 – c. 1688) was a Tewa religious leader from Ohkay Owingeh (renamed San Juan Pueblo by the Spanish during the colonial period), who led the Pueblo Revolt in 1680 against Spanish colonial rule.

Did the Pope back King Billy?

Since then historians have argued the point with men like Frenchman Pierre Bayle in the 17th century and Scotsman John Dalrymple in the 18th century producing elaborate but inconclusive evidence that Pope Innocent XI did indeed bankroll King Billy.

How and why did the Pope help William?

William had got it by persuading the Pope that King Harold Godwinson was an oath-breaker, and by promising to modernise the old-fashioned Anglo-Saxon Church if he won. It symbolically turned the invasion into a sort of holy war.

Who gave William the blessing?

A banner, blessed by the Pope for the invasion of England, was sent to William from the Holy See, and the clergy of the Continent upheld his intended invasion as being in the Cause of God, a Holy War, a Crusade!

Who was pope in 1681?

Pope Innocent XII

Pope Innocent XII
Created cardinal 1 September 1681 by Innocent XI
Personal details
Birth name Antonio Pignatelli
Born 13 March 1615 Spinazzola, Kingdom of Naples

Which order of priests was innocent involved in creating?

During the rule of Pope Innocent III (1198–1216), two mendicant orders, the Franciscan and the Dominican, were founded. Francis of Assisi founded the order of the Franciscans, who were known for their charitable work.


[KEY]Who were the first 5 popes?[/KEY]

1st century

Pontiff number Pontificate Name: English · Latin
2 64–68 / 76–79 St Linus LINVS
3 76–79 / 88–91 St Anacletus (Cletus) ANACLETVS (CLETVS)
4 26 April 88 – 23 November 99 (11 years, 211 days) St Clement I CLEMENS
5 23 November 99 – 27 October 105 (5 years, 338 days) St Evaristus EVARISTVS


Were any popes married?

A number of them had offspring. The Second Lateran Council (1139) made the promise to remain celibate a prerequisite to ordination, abolishing the married priesthood in the Latin Church. Popes who were legally married.

Name Felix III
Reign(s) (483–492)
Relationship Widowed before he was elected as pope
Offspring Yes


[KEY]Has a pope ever been murdered?[/KEY]

Though no pope has been killed in recent times, there was an assassination attempt on Pope (now Saint) John Paul II in 1981. The attack was orchestrated by Mehmet Ali Ağca, who was aided by three accomplices. Mehmet Ali Ağca shot St. John Paul not only survived, but also went on to forgive his would-be assassin.


What is a female pope called?

Pope Joan …the legend of a female Pope Joan appeared in the 13th century. During the course of the 2,000 years … Pope, (Latin papa, from Greek pappas, “father”), the title, since about …

What did they call to the head of pueblos?

The gobernadorcillo was the leader of a town or pueblo (people or population).

What is the significance of the Pope’s rebellion?

In the 1690s the Spanish reconquered New Mexico, but Pope’s rebellion is definitely an indication of the discontent and the grievances of the Pueblo Indians against both the religious and the economic practices of the Spanish in the seventeenth century.

What caused Pope’s rebellion?

The Pope’s Rebellion occurred in 1680 and it was an indian uprising. This uprising was caused because of the Spanish Roman Catholic’s mission in New Mexico began to oppress the natives by attempting to derive them of their religious customs.

Where is King William 3 buried?

William III of England/Date of burial

Who fought at the Battle of the Boyne?

Battle of the Boyne
Williamites Dutch Republic Jacobites France
Commanders and leaders
William III Frederick Schomberg † James VII Richard Talbot Antoine Caumont James FitzJames

What is the history of the Battle of the Boyne?

The Battle of the Boyne was fought in 1690 between the Catholic James II and the Protestant William III, who had overthrown James as king of England in 1688. The battle took place across the River Boyne at Oldbridge and resulted in a victory for William.

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