The Directoire or Directory style takes its name from the period 1795–1799 when France was ruled by a government of Directors – the Directory. Directory style was not so much an independent style in itself, but rather a transitionary style between that of Louis XVI and the Consular and Empire styles.
What is Directoire furniture?
Directoire style, Neoclassical style of dress, furniture, and ornament popular in France during the period of the Directory (1795–99). Dress for men, mixing ancient and contemporary elements, featured trousers and high boots, vests, long, open coats, and top hats.
What is American Directoire style?
noun. a style of American furniture making and related crafts from c1805 to c1815, corresponding to the French Directoire and English Regency styles.
What is Louis XVI furniture style?
Louis XVI furniture is characterized by elegance and neoclassicism, a return to ancient Greek and Roman models. Much of it was designed and made for Queen Marie Antoinette for the new apartments she created in the Palace of Versailles, Palace of Fontainebleau, the Tuileries Palace, and other royal residences.
What is American Empire style furniture?
American Empire is a French-inspired Neoclassical style of American furniture and decoration that takes its name and originates from the Empire style introduced during the First French Empire period under Napoleon’s rule. The Red Room at the White House is a fine example of American Empire style.
What is a Bergere chair?
A bergère is an enclosed upholstered French armchair (fauteuil) with an upholstered back and armrests on upholstered frames. It is designed for lounging in comfort, with a deeper, wider seat than that of a regular fauteuil, though the bergères by Bellangé in the White House are more formal.
What is Rococo style furniture?
The Rococo style, a development of the Régence, affected French furniture design from about 1735 to 1765. The style was based on asymmetrical design, light and full of movement. The furniture of this period was designed on sinuous and complicated lines.
What happened to the furniture at Versailles?
Unfortunately, most of the original furnishings and decorations are gone forever. Versailles was a symbol of all the Revolution was against, and the Revolution stripped it bare. It was stripped it of its art, the Mona Lisa, the Titians, the Rubenses and so much more were carted off to the Louvre and other museums.
What does Queen Anne furniture look like?
Queen Anne furniture is “somewhat smaller, lighter, and more comfortable than its predecessors,” and examples in common use include “curving shapes, the cabriole leg, cushioned seats, wing-back chairs, and practical secretary desk-bookcase pieces.” Other elements characterizing the style include pad feet and “an
What does federal style furniture look like?
The Federal style combines the neoclassic furniture style characteristics of Hepplewhite and Sheraton. It is characterized by graceful straight lines, light construction, tapered legs, inlay, and contrasting veneers. Graceful and Refined – Elegant appearance.
What motifs are typical of the American Empire style?
Other common motifs of the American Empire style included columns, rope-twist carvings, animal-paw feet, stars, and anthemion leaf ornamentation, as well as a style of gilding called “vert antique” (simulating aged green bronze).
What does Bergere?
: an upholstered armchair of an 18th century style having an exposed wood frame.
What do you call a chair without back?
Stool, a chair without back and armrests.
What is a parson chair?
Parsons: Suited for nearly all decor styles, a Parsons chair has clean lines and a simple design. These chairs typically have wood legs with a fully upholstered seat and back. This traditional English chair typically features a semicircular back supported by thin rods and spindle legs.
Why is it called Rococo?
The word Rococo is derived from the French word rocaille, which denoted the shell-covered rock work that was used to decorate artificial grottoes.
What is difference between Baroque and Rococo?
Baroque & Rococo Comparison Rococo developed out of Baroque. Both styles feature elaborate ornament and decoration, and both were used in large structures with a social or cultural status. Baroque architecture is serious, dramatic, and heavy. On the other hand, Rococo is light, airy, and decorative.
Which is more ornate Baroque or Rococo?
While Baroque was opulent and heavier –more “serious” – Rococo is considered more lighthearted, frivolous, fantastical and whimsical. Decoration was typically used to create a sense of flow, particularly using abstract and asymmetrical detail.
How dirty was Versailles?
Despite its reputation for magnificence, life at Versailles, for both royals and servants, was no cleaner than the slum-like conditions in many European cities at the time. Women pulled up their skirts up to pee where they stood, while some men urinated off the balustrade in the middle of the royal chapel.
How accurate is the movie Versailles?
When events are debated by historians, it understandably dramatises the raciest interpretation of those contested events. More tellingly, it also conjures up its own entirely fictional subplot – though this is loosely based on the real conspiracy of Louis de Rohan and Gilles du Hamel de Latreaumont.
Are Versailles Gates real gold?
These gates were destroyed by the common people during the French revolution. Replicas of the 80-metre steel gate decorated with 100,000 gold leaves were made with help of private donors contributed 5 million euros (8 million dollars).
Is Queen Anne style furniture out of style?
You will still see touches of both styles in modern formal furniture design; cabriole legs and pad feet are still very functional and popular. Traditional furniture will not go out of style, and you will likely see Queen Anne influence for many years.
What is the difference between Chippendale and Queen Anne furniture?
Chippendale: Has French, Chinese and Gothic influences. American Chippendale, however, isa more ornate version of the Queen Anne style with cabriole legs, ball-and-claw foot, and broken pediment scroll top on tall case pieces. Named after British designer and cabinet maker Thomas Chippendale (1750-1790).
How much is a Queen Anne table worth?
Queen Anne tables can range significantly depending on size and level of detail and can reach prices anywhere from a few hundred dollars to $10,000.
Is Duncan Phyfe a style or brand?
Duncan Phyfe, original name Duncan Fife, (born 1768, near Loch Fannich, Ross and Cromarty, Scotland—died August 16, 1854, New York, New York, U.S.), Scottish-born American furniture designer, a leading exponent of the Neoclassical style, sometimes considered the greatest of all American cabinetmakers.
What is the difference between Georgian and Federal style?
The Federal style has many of the same elements of the Georgian style – symmetry, classical details and a side gabled roof – yet it is different in its ornamentation and sophistication. Federal details are more delicate, slender and finely drawn than their Georgian counterparts and may feature swags, garlands and urns.
When was the Federal period for furniture?
1789 Federal furniture refers to American furniture produced in the federal style period, which lasted from approximately 1789 to 1823 and is itself named after the Federalist Era in American politics (ca. 1788-1800).
Where did settlers get their furniture?
And though some of the settlers had brought over a few pieces of furniture from England during the migration, the local craftsmen and woodworkers were the ones who produced the few basics, and, they were only made to order.
When was the American Empire period?
Background on the American Empire Style The American Empire period in furniture design began in about 1815 and lasted through 1840, but it was most popular during the 1820s. It overlapped with Federal style furniture, which had simple lines and delicate shapes, but American Empire was much more substantial.
How do I identify my furniture?
Look carefully at the bottom, sides, and back of the drawer; if the wood shows nicks or cuts, it was probably cut with a plane, a spokeshave, or a drawknife. Straight saw marks also indicate an old piece. If the wood shows circular or arc-shaped marks, it was cut by a circular saw, not in use until about 1860.