What is the purpose of agroforestry?

Agroforestry works towards the protection and conservation of land through effective protection of stock, control of soil erosion, salinity, and higher quality control of water tables.

What is an example of agroforestry?

Agroforestry integrates trees, shrubs, and crops in a system that functions well together — it covers over 1 billion hectares of land worldwide and its best known examples include shade grown coffee and chocolate.

What is an agroforestry system?

Agroforestry is the intentional integration of trees and shrubs into crop and animal farming systems to create environmental, economic, and social benefits. It has been practiced in the United States and around the world for centuries.

What are the three types of agroforestry?

There are three basic types of Agroforestry systems viz: Agrisilviculture (Crops + trees), silvopastoral (Pasture/animal + trees); and Agrosilvopastoral (crops + pasture + trees).

What are the features of agroforestry?


  • Tree species selected should not interfere with soil moisture.
  • Tree species should not compete for plant nutrients.
  • Tree species should not compete for sunlight.
  • Tree species should have high survival rate and easy establishment.

What are the characteristics of agroforestry?

The characteristics of agroforestry Agroforestry is an activity that combines production on the same plot of land, from annual agricultural activities (such as crops and pasture) and from delayed long-term production by trees (for example timber and services).

How is agroforestry done?

Agroforestry practices are intentional combinations of trees with crops and/or livestock which involve intensive management of the interactions between the components as an integrated agroecosystem.

What are the types of agroforestry system?

In This Article Expand or collapse the “in this article” section Agroforestry Systems

  • Tropical Agroforestry Systems.
  • Temperate Agroforestry Systems.
  • Northern Agroforestry Systems.

What are different types of agroforestry system?

There are three main types of agroforestry systems:

  • Agrisilvicultural systems are a combination of crops and trees, such as alley cropping or homegardens.
  • Silvopastoral systems combine forestry and grazing of domesticated animals on pastures, rangelands or on-farm.

What are the three benefits of agroforestry?

Agroforestry practices support agricultural production and help improve water quality and air quality, soil health, and wildlife habitat. These working trees can also grow fiber, food, and energy.

Who invented agroforestry?

Agroforestry was formally outlined in the early 20th century by American economic geographer J. Russell Smith in his book Tree Crops: A Permanent Agriculture (1929). Smith viewed tree-based “permanent agriculture” as a solution to the destructive erosion that often followed the cultivation of sloping lands.

Which is the social benefit of agroforestry?

It allows farmers to plant agricultural crops (economic livelihood) in tandem with tree crops (reforestation aspect). Agroforestry has been used as a major strategy to enjoin forest occupants to become partners in rehabilitating degraded forestlands.

What are the problems of agroforestry?

Community forestry and agroforestry initiatives often target resource-poor farmers who are most vulnerable to food shortages and malnutrition. However, there are serious access and equity problems to overcome. Many of these problems are related to policies that restrict access to forestry and agroforestry resources.

Who is the father of agroforestry in India?

P. K. Ramachandran Nair
Alma mater Kerala University Pantnagar University Goettingen University
Academic work
Institutions University of Florida ICRAF (World Agroforestry Centre) Central Plantation Crops Research Institute Rothamsted Experiment Station

What are the major components of agroforestry?

Components of Agroforestry

  • Agrisilvicultural systems. In this system, the components are agricultural crops and tree crops intercropped between the trees.
  • Silvopastoral systems.
  • Protein Bank.
  • A live fence of fodder trees and hedges.
  • Trees and shrubs on pasture.
  • Agrosilvopastoral systems.
  • Home gardens.
  • Woody hedgerows.

What are the pros and cons of agroforestry?

Advantages and Disadvantages of Agroforestry Systems and

  • Soil fertility and closed nutrient cycles.
  • Soil salinity control.
  • Prevention of runoff and better water management.
  • Stabilization of soils and microclimate.
  • Low input of agrochemicals.
  • Improvement of wildlife and pollinator habitat.

What is called reforestation?

Reforestation is the natural or intentional restocking of existing forests and woodlands that have been depleted, usually through deforestation. Why is reforestation important? “Forests have already removed nearly one third of human-produced carbon dioxide emissions from the atmosphere.

How is agroforestry sustainable?

Complex agroforestry encourages the sustainable development of degraded lands by maintaining human activity, while conserving natural resources. Through its combined economic, environmental and social functions, complex agroforestry can make a significant contribution to sustainable development.

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