What is the difference between midrash and Aggadah?

Midrash (Hebrew: מדרש) is ancient rabbinic interpretation of scripture. Aggadah (Hebrew: אגדה) is rabbinic narrative. The two terms are, however, often used interchangeably to refer to those many aspects of rabbinic literature that are not related to Jewish behavior or law (Hebrew: הלכה).

What is Halakhah and Aggadah?

In the words of Yaakov Sussman: “Halakhah and aggadah are two sides of the same coin – a single ideational world and a single literary corpus, all authored by the very same sages – and it is absolutely impossible to distinguish between them.”

What is the meaning of Aggadic?

noun. the nonlegal or narrative material, as parables, maxims, or anecdotes, in the Talmud and other rabbinical literature, serving either to illustrate the meaning or purpose of the law, custom, or Biblical passage being discussed or to introduce a different, unrelated topic.

What means midrash?

The term Midrash (“exposition” or “investigation”; plural, Midrashim) is also used in two senses. On the one hand, it refers to a mode of biblical interpretation prominent in the Talmudic literature; on the other, it refers to a separate body of commentaries on Scripture using this interpretative mode.

How old is Aggadah?

Much Aggadah, often mixed with foreign elements, is found in the Apocrypha, the Pseudepigrapha, the works of Josephus and Philo, and the remaining Judæo-Hellenistic literature; but aggadic exegesis reached its highest development in the great epoch of the Mishnaic-Talmudic period, between 100 and 550 CE.

What does Tzedakah mean in Hebrew?

Tzedakah is the Hebrew word for philanthropy and charity. It is a form of social justice in which donors benefit from giving as much or more than the recipients. So much more than a financial transaction, tzedakah builds trusting relationships and includes contributions of time, effort, and insight.

Why is the Mishnah important?

What is the Mishnah? Compiled around 200 by Judah the Prince, the Mishnah, meaning ‘repetition’, is the earliest authoritative body of Jewish oral law. It records the views of rabbinic sages known as the Tannaim (from the Aramaic ‘tena’, meaning to teach).

What is Halakhah in Judaism?

Halakhah, (Hebrew: “the Way”) also spelled Halakha, Halakah, or Halachah, plural Halakhahs, Halakhot, Halakhoth, or Halachot, in Judaism, the totality of laws and ordinances that have evolved since biblical times to regulate religious observances and the daily life and conduct of the Jewish people.

What is a mitzvot in Judaism?

Mitzvah, also spelled Mitsvah (Hebrew: “commandment”), plural Mitzvoth, Mitzvot, Mitzvahs, Mitsvoth, Mitsvot, or Mitsvahs, any commandment, ordinance, law, or statute contained in the Torah (first five books of the Bible) and, for that reason, to be observed by all practicing Jews.

What is in the Mishnah?

The Mishnah consists of six orders (sedarim, singular seder סדר), each containing 7–12 tractates (masechtot, singular masechet מסכת; lit. “web”), 63 in total. Each masechet is divided into chapters (peraqim, singular pereq) and then paragraphs (mishnayot, singular mishnah).

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[KEY]How do you spell ajida?[/KEY]

quintessential Italian-American slang word. Strictly speaking, “agita” is a stomach upset or heartburn.

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What are the two types of midrash?

There are basically two kinds of midrash, Midrash Halakhah (legal midrash10) and Midrash Aggadah (narrative midrash)11. However, since aggadah is very difficult to define, it is customary to say that any midrash that is not halakhic (legal) is aggadic.

What is an example of midrash?

The presentation is such that the midrash is a simple lesson to the uninitiated, and a direct allusion, or analogy, to a mystical teaching for those educated in this area. An example of a midrashic interpretation: “And God saw all that He had made, and found it very good.

Is Talmud and Torah the same?

The Talmud is a record of the rabbinic debates in the 2nd-5th century on the teachings of the Torah, both trying to understand how they apply and seeking answers for the situations they themselves were encountering.

What did the Amoraim do?

The Amoraim followed the Tannaim in the sequence of ancient Jewish scholars. The Tannaim were direct transmitters of uncodified oral tradition; the Amoraim expounded upon and clarified the oral law after its initial codification.

When was Gemara written?

The Gemara The Gemara, which in Aramaic means “to study and to know” is a collection of scholarly discussions on Jewish law dating from around 200 to 500AD. The discussions pick up on statements in the Mishnah (1) but refer to other works including the Torah.

What is the highest level of tzedakah?

In the Middle Ages, Maimonides conceived of an eight-level hierarchy of tzedakah, where the highest form is to give a gift, loan, or partnership that will result in the recipient becoming self-sufficient instead of living upon others.

What does teshuvah mean in Hebrew?

Repentance (Hebrew: תשובה‎, literally, “return”, pronounced tshuva or teshuva) is one element of atoning for sin in Judaism.

What’s the Greek word for charity?

agapē In Christian theology and ethics, charity (a translation of the Greek word agapē, also meaning “love”) is most eloquently shown in the life, teachings, and death of Jesus Christ.

What are the six books of the Mishnah?

The six orders of the Mishnah are:

  • Zera’im (“Seeds”): 11 tractates.
  • Mo’ed (“Festivals”): 12 tractates.
  • Nashim (“Women”): 7 tractates.
  • Neziqin (“Torts”): 10 tractates.
  • Qodashim (“Sacred Things”): 11 tractates.
  • Tohorot (“Purity”): 12 tractates.

What is the difference between Gemara and Mishnah?

The Mishnah is the original written version of the oral law and the Gemara is the record of the rabbinic discussions following this writing down. It includes their differences of view. The Talmud can also be known by the name Shas.

What language is the Mishnah written in?

Hebrew Mishnah/Original languages

What is forbidden in Judaism?

Traditional Jews observe the dietary laws derived from the Book of Leviticus. These laws include prohibitions against the eating of meat and dairy products at the same meal, humane ritual slaughter of animals, and total prohibition against the eating of blood, pork, shell-fish and other proscribed foods.

What can’t Jews eat?

Kashrut—Jewish dietary laws Certain foods, notably pork, shellfish and almost all insects are forbidden; meat and dairy may not be combined and meat must be ritually slaughtered and salted to remove all traces of blood. Observant Jews will eat only meat or poultry that is certified kosher.

What are the food laws in Judaism?

The Food Laws – What is Kosher? Must have cloven (split) hooves and chew the cud (balls of grass that some animals form in their stomachs after grazing) e.g. cows, sheep, goat and deer. Forbidden – pigs, horses, and camels. Only the forequarters of animals are kosher.

What are the 7 Laws of Moses?

The Seven Laws of Noah include prohibitions against worshipping idols, cursing God, murder, adultery and sexual immorality, theft, eating flesh torn from a living animal, as well as the obligation to establish courts of justice.

What is the most important mitzvot in Judaism?

The number 613 is a rabbinical tradition rather than an exact count. In rabbinic literature there are a number of works, mainly by the Rishonim, that attempt to enumerate 613 commandments. Probably the most famous of these is Sefer Hamitzvot by Maimonides.

Why are the 10 Commandments important in Judaism?

Following the Ten Commandments is part of the covenant made at Mount Sinai, which applies to all Jews. Following the commandments helps Jews to become better people today. The commandments help Jews to treat other people with respect. The commandments guide Jews to love and worship God effectively.

Who wrote the Talmud?

Tradition ascribes the compilation of the Babylonian Talmud in its present form to two Babylonian sages, Rav Ashi and Ravina II. Rav Ashi was president of the Sura Academy from 375 to 427. The work begun by Rav Ashi was completed by Ravina, who is traditionally regarded as the final Amoraic expounder.

Is the Mishnah the same as the Torah?

“Mishnah” is the name given to the sixty-three tractates that HaNasi systematically codified, which in turn are divided into six “orders.” Unlike the Torah, in which, for example, laws of the Sabbath are scattered throughout the books of Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers, all the Mishnaic laws of the Sabbath are located

How many Mishnahs are there?

The Mishnah consists of six divisions known as Sedarim or Orders. Structure.

Masekhet 63 masechtot
Chapters 525
Mishnahs 4,192
Pages of Gemara Talmud Bavli 2,711
Pages of Gemara Yerushalmi 1,554

What is Agama Siddhanta?

The Shaiva Agamas led to the Shaiva Siddhanta philosophy in Tamil-speaking regions of South-India, which arose from Kashmir Saivism in the Upmost North-Indian region of Kashmir Valley.

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[KEY]What is Agama Jainism?[/KEY]

The texts containing the teachings of Mahavira are called the Agamas, and are the canonical literature – the scriptures – of Svetambara Jainism. Mahavira’s disciples compiled his words into texts or sutras, and memorised them to pass on to future generations.

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