What is the Ajivika philosophy?

The Ajivikas philosophy held that all things are preordained, and therefore religious or ethical practice has no effect on one’s future, and people do things because cosmic principles make them do so, and all that will happen or will exist in future is already predetermined to be that way.

What was the central belief among the Ajivikas?

The Ajivikas’ central belief was that absolutely everything is predetermined by fate, or niyati, and hence human action has no consequence one way or the other. According to them, each soul’s course was like a ball of thread that is unravelling.

Where do we find the outlines of Ajivika doctrine?

Three Tamil texts, the Manimekalai of Buddhists, the Nilakesi of Jains and the Sivajnanasiddhiyar of Saivites, contain the outlines of Ajivika doctrine.

Which of the following was a teacher of fatalist school of thought popularly known as Ajivikas?

Makkhali Gosala Explanation: Makkhali Gosala was the proponent of Ajivika (Fatalism) philosophy. He was the first disciple of Vardhaman Mahavira. Hence, B is the correct option.

Is Ajivika a religion?

Ajivika, an ascetic sect that emerged in India about the same time as Buddhism and Jainism and that lasted until the 14th century; the name may mean “following the ascetic way of life.” It was founded by Goshala Maskariputra (also called Gosala Makkhaliputta), a friend of Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara (“Ford-maker,”

What is Ajivika in English?

nf. livelihood variable noun. Your livelihood is your job or the source of your income. Fishermen depend on the sea for their livelihood. /ajivika, åjIvikA, aajeevikaa, åjīvikā/

What religion did Bindusara follow?

The Buddhist texts Samantapasadika and Mahavamsa suggest that Bindusara followed Brahmanism, calling him a “Brahmana bhatto” (“votary of the Brahmanas”). According to the Jain sources, Bindusara’s father Chandragupta adopted Jainism before his death.

Where is the oldest stupa in India?

Sanchi The Great Stupa at Sanchi is one of the oldest stone structures in India, and an important monument of Indian Architecture.

Sanchi
Location Sanchi Town, Madhya Pradesh, India, Asia
Construction started 3rd century BCE
Height 16.46 m (54.0 ft) (dome of the Great Stupa)
Dimensions

Who was the president of First Buddhist Council?

Mahākāśyapa The first Buddhist council is traditionally said to have been held just after Buddha’s Parinirvana, and presided over by Mahākāśyapa, one of His most senior disciples, at a cave near Rājagṛha (today’s Rajgir) with the support of king Ajāthaśatru.

What are required to free oneself from the cycle of karma?

According to Jaina teachings, the cycle of birth and rebirth is shaped through karma. Asceticism and penance are required to free oneself from the cycle of karma.

Who is the founder of Jainism?

Vardhamana Jnatiputra Jainism is somewhat similar to Buddhism, of which it was an important rival in India. It was founded by Vardhamana Jnatiputra or Nataputta Mahavira (599-527 BC), called Jina (Spiritual Conqueror), a contemporary of Buddha.

What does Triratna Class 12 mean?

The Triratna comprises the Buddha, the Dharma(teaching) and the Sangha(community). In Jainism, three jewels are Samyagdarshana(right faith), Samyagjnana(right knowledge), Samyakcharita(right conduct).

What is the name of the female founder of Jainism?

The origins of Jainism are obscure. The Jains claim their religion to be eternal, and consider Rishabhanatha the founder in the present time-cycle, who lived for 8,400,000 purva years.

What are the two main division of Indian philosophy?

and Heterodox :- The schools or systems of Indian philosophy are divided into two broad classes, namely, orthodox (astika, Vedic) and heterodox (nastika, Non-Vedic).

Who was Makkhaliputra Gosal?

Makkhali Gosala (Pāli; BHS: Maskarin Gośāla; Jain Prakrit sources: Gosala Mankhaliputta) or Manthaliputra Goshalak was an ascetic teacher of ancient India. He was a contemporary of Siddhartha Gautama, the founder of Buddhism, and of Mahavira, the last and 24th Tirthankara of Jainism.

Who is the first Tirthankara of Jainism?

Rishabhanatha Rishabhanatha, (Sanskrit: “Lord Bull”) the first of the 24 Tirthankaras (“Ford-Makers,” i.e., saviours) of Jainism, a religion of India.

Who was the first nun in Buddhism?

Pajapati Gotami One of the first poems in the book is by the first Buddhist nun, Pajapati Gotami. After Siddhartha’s birth mother, Maya, passed away shortly after giving birth, it was her sister, Pajapati who brought him up.

Who followed Ajivika?

Ajivika philosophy was popular during the period of Mauryan Emperor Bindusara. He was the father of Emperor Asoka. After Asoka embraced Buddhism, the popularity of Ajivika philosophy declined, but it was still able to survive for the next 1600 years in the southern states of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.

How was Buddhism made?

When Gautama passed away around 483 B.C., his followers began to organize a religious movement. Buddha’s teachings became the foundation for what would develop into Buddhism. In the 3rd century B.C., Ashoka the Great, the Mauryan Indian emperor, made Buddhism the state religion of India.

Which school accepted perception and inference as sources of valid knowledge?

The Vaisheshika and Nyaya schools eventually merged because of their closely related metaphysical theories (Vaisheshika only accepted perception and inference as sources of valid knowledge).

Who were Lokayatas Ajivikas?

Materialistic ideas also figure in the doctrines of the Ajivikas, a heterodox sect in the time of the Buddha. Charvaka, however, was the main expounder of the materialistic philosophy which came to be known as the Lokayata, which means the ideas derived from the common people.

Who is the son of Bindusara?

Bindusara/Sons

What was Bindusara called?

Amitrochates Bindusara, also called Bindusara Maurya, Greek Amitrochates, (born c. 320 bce—died 272/3 bce), second Mauryan emperor, who ascended the throne about 297 bce. Greek sources refer to him as Amitrochates, Greek for the Sanskrit amitraghata (“destroyer of foes”).

Who was the last Maurya ruler?

Brihadratha history of India … the last of the Mauryas, Brihadratha, was assassinated by his Brahman commander in chief, Pushyamitra, who founded the Shunga dynasty.

Who destroyed Sanchi Stupa?

Emperor Pushyamitra Shunga Many historians presume that the Great Stupa was destroyed in the 2nd century BCE during the reign of Emperor Pushyamitra Shunga. His son, Agnimitra, reconstructed the monument and covered the original brick Stupa with stone slabs.

What is inside Sanchi Stupa?

Sanchi Stupa Information. When Ashoka built the Great Stupa, he had at the nucleus a huge hemispherical brick dome covering the relics of Lord Buddha, with an elevated terrace surrounding the base, a balustrade, and a chatra or stone umbrella on the top to indicate high rank.

What is inside stupa?

At its simplest, a stupa is a dirt burial mound faced with stone. In Buddhism, the earliest stupas contained portions of the Buddha’s ashes, and as a result, the stupa began to be associated with the body of the Buddha. Adding the Buddha’s ashes to the mound of dirt activated it with the energy of the Buddha himself.

Who was the god of Vajra?

Indra The Vajra or the thunderbolt is the mighty weapon in the possession of Indra, the god of rain, storms and lightning, who is also the king of all devas. The mighty god first used his weapon on an asura called Vritra, who is an embodiment of the drought in the Rig Veda.

What was the main aim of the Second Buddhist Council?

According to the Theravadin account, the Second Council occurred in Vaiśālī. Its purpose was to adjudicate on ten points which amounted to minor infringements of the Vinaya, such as handling money and eating after midday.

In which language did Buddha preach his ideas?

Pali

Pali
Pronunciation [paːli]
Native to Indian subcontinent
Era 3rd century BCE – present Liturgical language of Theravada Buddhism
Language family Indo-European Indo-Iranian Indo-Aryan Middle Indo-Aryan Pali

Which of these principles of Jainism left its mark on Indian thinking as a whole?

In fact the principle of ahimsa, emphasised within Jainism, has left its mark on Indian thinking as a whole. According to Jaina teachings, the cycle of birth and rebirth is shaped through karma.

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[KEY]What is the oldest religion?[/KEY]

The word Hindu is an exonym, and while Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, many practitioners refer to their religion as Sanātana Dharma (Sanskrit: सनातन धर्म, lit.

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What are the 3 main beliefs of Buddhism?

The Basic Teachings of Buddha which are core to Buddhism are: The Three Universal Truths; The Four Noble Truths; and The Noble Eightfold Path.

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