Under this view, it is possible to act against one’s better judgment (that is, be akratic), but without being weak-willed. Suppose, for example, Sarah judges that taking revenge upon a murderer is not the best course of action, but makes the resolution to take revenge anyway and sticks to that resolution.
What is akrasia According to Plato?
The Greek word ‘akrasia’ is usually said to translate literally as ‘lack of self-control’, but it has come to be used as a general term for the phenomenon known as weakness of will, or incontinence, the disposition to act contrary to one’s own considered judgment about what it is best to do.
What causes akrasia?
It is natural, Aristotle argues, for humans to acknowledge akrasia. Indeed, he argues for two different kinds of akrasia. The first is motivated by impetuosity, or more specifically, passion, which can cause a lapse in reason allowing a person to be led away from what they (still) believe to be good actions.
Is akrasia a procrastinator?
Akrasia is the state of acting against your better judgment. It is when you do one thing even though you know you should do something else. Loosely translated, you could say that akrasia is procrastination or a lack of self-control. Akrasia is what prevents you from following through on what you set out to do.
How do you deal with akrasia?
Try designing your future through commitment devices. A commitment device is a strategy you use to control your behavior to align with your long-term goals. It’s a way to limit your choices so that you steer yourself toward achieving what you set out to do.
What is the weakness of will?
Weakness of will is generally taken to involve a conflict between practical thought and action (see ACTION), such as when we have another glass of wine even though we judge that it would be better to refrain, all things considered.
What is the problem of akrasia?
Akrasia refers to a state, where one knows what the morally sound course of action is, but voluntarily fails to pursue it. According to Plato, akrasia stems from misleading desires and emotions, which muddle the original, rationally produced moral judgement.
Who invented akrasia?
Akrasia is procrastination combined with a lack of self-control. Akrasia was actually coined by the philosopher Socrates over 1,600 years ago.
[KEY]How does akrasia affect our practice of virtue?[/KEY]
foolishness, combined with akrasia is virtue. For akrasia makes someone act contrary to what he supposes [is right], but since he supposes that good things are bad that it is wrong to do them, he will do good actions, not the bad35.
What is the opposite of akrasia?
For Aristotle, enkrateia is the antonym of akrasia (ἀκρασία from ἀ = without + κράτος = power, control) which means “lacking command (over oneself)”.
What is akrasia quizlet?
Weakness of will. Problem in moral psychology: we sometimes will things that we know are not in our own self-interest or are unable to do things we know are good (also called akrasia).
How do you pronounce akrasia?
In what way did Aristotle improve the approach of other philosophers?
How did Aristotle improve the approach? He recorded many observations on the weather, on plant and animal life and behavior, on physical motions, and a number of other topics.
What is a weak will?
DEFINITIONS1. a weak-willed person is easily influenced to change their decisions, opinions, or plans. Synonyms and related words. Weak, and not determined or ambitious. weak.
What is the good life according to Aristotle?
Aristotle argues that what separates human beings from the other animals is the human reason. So the good life is one in which a person cultivates and exercises their rational faculties by, for instance, engaging in scientific inquiry, philosophical discussion, artistic creation, or legislation.
What is Akratic action?
It is hard to deny that we sometimes intentionally do what we believe we ought not do. These actions are often called akratic, or sometimes weak willed, “incontinent,” or against one’s own better judgment. We believe, for example, that we should not eat dessert, or stay on the computer, or insult our friend.
What does it mean that human excellence is knowledge?
what does it mean that human excellence is knowledge. human excellence includes propositional and practical knowledge. propositional knowledge is “that” something is the case where as practical knowledge is “how” to do something.
What is the difference between Socratic and Aristotelian view with regard to akrasia?
Aristotle believes that the akratic person does wrong even though he/she knows what is right, but that he/she is driven by passions, emotions and motivations. Socrates believes that people ‘s wrong doings are a result of ignorance and that they lack the knowledge to know right from wrong.
Is the willingness to act against better Judgement?
There’s actually a name for this phenomenon where we often show a weakness of will, it is called akrasia. Akrasia roughly translates to the state of acting against one’s better judgment.
What is the meaning of phronesis?
practical wisdom Phronesis (Ancient Greek: φρόνησῐς, romanized: phrónēsis), translated into English by terms such as prudence, practical virtue and practical wisdom is an ancient Greek word for a type of wisdom or intelligence relevant to practical action.
How do you use akrasia in a sentence?
- ARISTOTLE called it akrasia.
- I am really quite good with that kind of akrasia; in fact I rather enjoy it”.
- Socrates believed that akrasia was, strictly speaking, impossible, since we could not want what is bad for us; if we act against our own interests, it must be because we don’t know what’s right.
Which of the following people denies that akrasia is possible?
Indeed, Plato’s Socrates famously denied its possibility in the Protagoras. “No one,” he declared, “who either knows or believes that there is another possible course of action, better than the one he is following, will ever continue on his present course” (Protagoras 358b–c).
What are the 5 intellectual virtues?
They require the practice of qualities like intellectual carefulness, perseverance, honesty, humility, attentiveness, and thoroughness. These are intellectual virtues.
How do we acquire virtue?
Virtues are developed through learning and through practice. As the ancient philosopher Aristotle suggested, a person can improve his or her character by practicing self-discipline, while a good character can be corrupted by repeated self-indulgence.
What is the ultimate virtue?
In conclusion, according to Aristotle, what is happiness? Happiness is the ultimate end and purpose of human existence. Happiness is not pleasure, nor is it virtue. It is the exercise of virtue. Happiness cannot be achieved until the end of one’s life.
[KEY]What is the Greek word of self-control?[/KEY]
The Greek word translated as ‘self-control,’ egkrateia, is derived from two other Greek words—en and kratos. En means ‘in’ and kratos means ‘strength’ or ‘power. ‘ The Bible typically refers to self-control as ‘temperance,’ meaning self-restraint or moderation.