# What is algebraic topology used for?

Algebraic topology, Field of mathematics that uses algebraic structures to study transformations of geometric objects. It uses functions (often called maps in this context) to represent continuous transformations (see topology).

[DUPIGNORE]

## [KEY]Is algebraic topology important?[/KEY]

Geometry concerns the local properties of shape such as curvature, while topology involves large-scale properties such as genus. Algebraic methods become important in topology when working in many dimensions, and increasingly sophisticated parts of algebra are now being employed.

[/DUPIGNORE]

## Is algebraic topology still active?

It is a really active area of research right now with a large community. It might also be the case that at certain schools have shifted entirely to algebraic geometry and don’t have anyone working in topology any more.

## Where is topology used?

Topology is used in many branches of mathematics, such as differentiable equations, dynamical systems, knot theory, and Riemann surfaces in complex analysis. It is also used in string theory in physics, and for describing the space-time structure of universe.

0:00 0:39

## What is modern topology?

Modern topology often involves spaces that are more general than uniform spaces, but the uniform spaces provide a setting general enough to investigate many of the most important ideas in modern topology, including the theories of Stone-Cech compactification, Hewitt Real-compactification and Tamano-Morita Para

## Is topology useful in physics?

Topology is relevant to physics in areas such as condensed matter physics, quantum field theory and physical cosmology. In cosmology, topology can be used to describe the overall shape of the universe. This area of research is commonly known as spacetime topology.

## Why is a topology important?

Simply put, network topology helps us understand two crucial things. It allows us to understand the different elements of our network and where they connect. It may allow scalability and flexibility, for example, to move between point to point systems and ring topologies.

[DUPIGNORE]

## [KEY]Who discovered algebraic topology?[/KEY]

Brouwer and his fixed point theorem. Although the phrase algebraic topology was first used somewhat later in 1936 by the Russian-born American mathematician Solomon Lefschetz, research in this major area of topology was well under way much earlier in the 20th century.

[/DUPIGNORE]

## Who invented algebraic topology?

PoincarĂ© may be regarded as the father of algebraic topology. The concept of fundamental groups invented by H. PoincarĂ© in 1895 conveys the first transition from topology to algebra by assigning an algebraic structure on the set of relative homotopy classes of loops in a functorial way.

## What is research topology?

Topology studies properties of spaces that are invariant under deformations. A special role is played by manifolds, whose properties closely resemble those of the physical universe. More algebraic aspects of topology study homotopy theory and algebraic K-theory, and their applications to geometry and number theory.

## Is functional analysis a dead field?

The field essentially lost its functional and contextual behavioral roots. We believe that the positive functional start of the evidence-based-treatment movement collapsed because these early models of functional analysis failed the field scientifically and practically.