What is albite used for?

Albite usually forms brittle, glassy crystals that may be colourless, white, yellow, pink, green, or black. It is used in the manufacture of glass and ceramics, but its primary geologic importance is as a rock-forming mineral.

What is the value of albite?

1.530-1.531 Facetable albite from Madagascar has indices: a = 1.530-1.531; β= 1.532-1.533; γ= 1.539-1.540; birefringence 0.009-0.010; density 2.62. Small faceted gems are fairly rare, almost always from the tips of cleavelandite crystals. Albite Information.

Data Value
Specific Gravity 2.57-2.69
Transparency Transparent to opaque.

What type of rock is albite?

Albite is characteristic of low-grade regional and contact metamorphic rocks (greenschist, zeolite, and albite-epidote hornfels facies). It is generally the last of the feldspars to crystalize in igneous rocks. Albite commonly occurs in pegmatites as anhedral to euhedral crystals.

Where can albite be found?

Major occurrences of albite can be found in Labrador, Canada, and the Scandinavian Peninsula. Albite is used for ornamental stone, as a component of ceramic clays, and for mineral specimens.

How do you know you are albite?

Albite crystallizes with triclinic pinacoidal forms. Its specific gravity is about 2.62 and it has a Mohs hardness of 6–6.5. Albite almost always exhibits crystal twinning often as minute parallel striations on the crystal face.

What does the word albite mean?

: a triclinic usually white mineral of the feldspar group consisting of a sodium aluminum silicate.

What is albite twinning?

The Albite twin law {010} indicates that the twins make a form, the faces are parallel to the mirror plane (010), i.e. perpendicular to the b-axis. Albite twinning is so common in plagioclase, that it’s presence is a diagnostic property for identification of plagioclase when seen with crossed polarizers.

What kind of mineral is orthoclase?

alkali feldspar mineral Orthoclase, common alkali feldspar mineral, a potassium aluminosilicate (KAlSi3O8); it usually occurs as variously coloured, frequently twinned crystals in granite. Orthoclase is used in the manufacture of glass and ceramics; occasionally, transparent crystals are cut as gems.

Is albite a silicate?

ALBITE (Sodium Aluminum Silicate)

What rock is anorthite found in?

mafic igneous rock Anorthite is a rare compositional variety of plagioclase. It occurs in mafic igneous rock. It also occurs in metamorphic rocks of granulite facies, in metamorphosed carbonate rocks, and corundum deposits. Its type localities are Monte Somma and Valle di Fassa, Italy.

In which rocks feldspar mineral is found?

Feldspars crystallize from magma as both intrusive and extrusive igneous rocks and are also present in many types of metamorphic rock. Rock formed almost entirely of calcic plagioclase feldspar is known as anorthosite. Feldspars are also found in many types of sedimentary rocks.

When was albite discovered?

Named in 1815 by Johan Gottlieb Gahn and Jöns Jacob Berzelius from Latin “albus”, white, alluding to its usual color.

How is albite formed?

It occurs in three forms: (1) as lamellae in perthite, (2) as overgrowth on/in corroded feldspar, and, (3) as cloudy replacing albite patches in K-feldspar. Albite appears non-altered, and has a euhedral morphology and dull cathodoluminescence. It commonly co-occurs with corroded K-feldspar grains.

Is Anorthoclase a feldspar?

Anorthoclase, any member of a continuous series of feldspar minerals related to sanidine (q.v.).

How is biotite formed?

Biotite is a rock-forming mineral found in a wide range of crystalline igneous rocks such as granite, diorite, gabbro, peridotite, and pegmatite. It also forms under metamorphic conditions when argillaceous rocks are exposed to heat and pressure to form schist and gneiss.

Does K feldspar have twinning?

K-feldspar is similar to quartz, but quartz lacks cleavage, lacks twinning, does not alter, exhibits undulatory extinction, and is uniaxial.

How do I know if I have feldspar?

Feldspars usually are white or nearly white, though they may be clear or light shades of orange or buff. They usually have a glassy luster. Feldspar is called a rock-forming mineral, very common, and usually makes up a large part of the rock.

How can you tell the difference between feldspar?

Alkali feldspars can often be distinguished from plagioclase feldspars because most grains of the latter exhibit albite twinning (see above Crystal structure), which is manifested by parallel lines on certain cleavage surfaces, whereas grains of alkali feldspars do not.


[KEY]What does albeit briefly mean?[/KEY]

albeit = even if/despite the fact, and brief describes a short length of time. So, you might say: “it was a great party, albeit brief”, which just means, even though it was a short party, it was great.


What is a synonym for Albeit?

: even though : although.

What does twinning is winning mean?

“Twinning” is a new portmanteau (かばん語) of the words “Twin” and “Winning”. It means when two people have the same brilliant (目覚しい) thought or action at the same time.

What causes twinning?

Origin of Twinning Growth Twins – When accidents occur during crystal growth and a new crystal is added to the face of an already existing crystal, twinning can occur if the new crystal shares lattice points on the face of the existing crystal, but has an orientation different from the original crystal.

Why does crystal twinning occur?

Annealing or transformation twins are the result of a change in crystal system during cooling as one form becomes unstable and the crystal structure must re-organize or transform into another more stable form. Deformation or gliding twins are the result of stress on the crystal after the crystal has formed.

Can orthoclase break a diamond?

Diamond is the hardest known mineral, Mohs’ 10. A relative hardness value of 6.5 means that the mineral could scratch orthoclase (feldspar) but not quartz.

What things are made from orthoclase?

Orthoclase has several commercial uses. It is a raw material used in the production of glass, ceramic tile, porcelain, dinnerware, bathroom fixtures, and other ceramics. It is used as an abrasive in scouring powders and polishing compounds. It is also cut as a gemstone.

Why is K feldspar pink?

K–feldspar albite intergrowths known as pertite and albite intergrowths K–feldspar as antipertite. The hardness is from 6 to 6.5 and the relative density of 2.55–2.63. The color is usually white, and sometimes changes from pale pink to reddish due to admixtures of iron (especially microcline).

What are the physical properties of albite?


Physical Properties
Fracture Uneven
Luster Pearly Vitreous
Transparency Translucent
Streak White

What is another name for potassium feldspar?

Synonyms for potassium feldspar include: Potash Feldspar. Alkali Feldspar. K-spar.

Is biotite a feldspar mineral?

Biotite gneiss. Black mineral forming bands in the rock is biotite. White feldspar is plagioclase. Trondhjemite is a leucocratic igneous rock (tonalite) in which the sole mafic mineral is biotite (hornblende is rare).

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