What is Ajanta famous for?

Ajanta Caves, Buddhist rock-cut cave temples and monasteries, located near Ajanta village, north-central Maharashtra state, western India, that are celebrated for their wall paintings.

Who built the Ajanta caves?

According to the historians and various studies, it has been found that second phase of the construction of Ajanta caves started during the reign of Harisena, a king of Vataka dynasty. The caves constructed during this period belonged to the Mahayana sect of Buddhism.

Who was the first discovered Ajanta caves?

On 28 April 1819, John Smith, the Madras Presidency officer, accidentally discovered the entrance to Cave No. 10 deep within the tangled undergrowth while hunting a tiger, which led to the discovery of the showpiece Ajanta caves.

What are the main features of Ajanta paintings?

What are the main features of Ajanta paintings?

  • These were built by the Mahayana sect of Buddhism.
  • Most of these were Buddhist monasteries, though paintings adorned some of them.
  • These paintings contained the stories from jatakas and the life of Buddha.

What is the theme of Ajanta paintings?

What is the main theme of Ajanta Caves of later phase? The paintings of the 5th and 6th centuries at Ajanta mainly depict the Jataka tales. These are the stories of the Buddha in his previous lives, when he was still on the path to enlightenment.

Who destroyed Ajanta caves?

In 1682, A muslim ruler Aurangzeb hired 1000 workers for three years only to destroy this temple completely. Even after continuous efforts workers couldn’t destroy the temple. They could only damage and distort some carvings. At last Aurangzeb gave up and left the temple as it is.

How Ajanta caves were built?

The Ajanta caves were built during the Gupta period. The Ajanta Caves were built during the Gupta period. It also has 29 rock-cut caves that were built between the 2nd to 8th centuries. The paintings on the walls of the Ajanta Caves portray the stories from the life of the Buddha.

What are the main features of Ajanta paintings Class 6?

Ajanta is a place where several caves were hollowed out of the hills over centuries. Most of these were Buddhist monasteries while some of them were decorated with paintings. The caves are dark inside and therefore most of these paintings were done in the light of torches. The colours are vivid even after 1500 years.

Why is Ajanta caves important?

While the main purpose of the caves was to celebrate the glory of Gautama Buddha’s life and achievements, they also provide an important insight into the Buddhist life and belief system and the reflection of its values in art. In many ways, the Ajanta caves were a watershed in subcontinental architecture.

Which Colour is used in Ajanta cave painting?

The main colours used were red ochre, yellow ochre, brown ochre, lamp black, white and lapis lazuli which was imported from Northern India, central Asia and Persia. The green was made by mixing this lapis lazuli with Indian yellow ochre.

Which is the oldest cave of Ajanta?

The earliest caves (Cave 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 15A), belonging to the Hinayana phase of Buddhism, can be roughly traced back to the 2nd century BCE, with its period of activity continuing to around the 1st century CE during the rule of Satavahana Dynasty (2nd century BCE – 2nd century CE).

Why was the painting of Ajanta so important?

Paintings in the Ajanta caves are one of the most exquisite examples of Buddhist art and architecture. Explanation: Ajanta Caves in Maharashtra consider being the most famous Buddhist temple. The paintings had an educational function, presenting to the community the teachings of Buddha and his various reincarnations.

What are two features of the Ajanta paintings?

Most of the Ajanta paintings were done in the light of torches, as caves used to be dark from inside. The colours used in the paintings were made of plants and minerals and are vivid even after 1500 years.

What are the features of cave paintings?

Representations in caves, painted or otherwise, include few humans, but sometimes human heads or genitalia appear in isolation. Hand stencils and handprints are characteristic of the earlier periods, as in the Gargas cave in the French Pyrenees.

What are the characteristic of Ajanta art?

They are an example of one of Indian’s unique artistic traditions known as rock cut temples. Ajanta consists of thirty caves, each dedicated to the life of the Buddha. Each cave is filled with sculpture, wall murals, and ceiling paintings.

What happened to Ajanta caves?

They were covered by jungle until accidentally “discovered” and brought to Western attention in 1819 by a colonial British officer Captain John Smith on a tiger-hunting party. The caves are in the rocky northern wall of the U-shaped gorge of the river Waghur, in the Deccan plateau.

Why was Ajanta caves abandoned?

Hidden away from civilization, the caves at Ajanta were constructed to facilitate a peaceful environment for Buddhist monks. As Buddhism retreated from this part of the world in the 5th century CE, the caves were gradually abandoned.

Is Ajanta and Ellora same?

While Ajanta is mostly about beautiful paintings made on cave walls on the theme of Buddhism, Ellora is all about sculpture and architecture belonging to three different religions prevailing in the country during those times—Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism. These caves are named after a nearby village called Ajanta.

What is the Speciality of Ajanta caves?

The Ajanta caves are home to paintings and sculptures that depict heavy influence of Buddhist philosophy and religious teachings of the Buddha. Various incidents from the life of Gautam Buddha and the Jataka Tales are represented and recreated on the walls of these caves.

Who made Ajanta caves answer?

These were constructed during the Vakataka Dynasty and feature elements of Mahayana Buddhism. The caves feature Buddha in human form. They were created in the 5th and 6th century AD. The Ajanta Caves are 30 rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments which date from the 2nd century BCE to about 480 CE in Aurangabad.

Why is Ajanta famous for Class 6?

The Ajanta caves near Aurangabad are well-known for their cave architecture, sculpture and murals. The caves have been declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The fresco paintings on the walls of the Ajanta Caves depict scenes from the life of the Buddha. The Jataka tales have also been shown in the paintings.

What is the conclusion of Ajanta caves?

Conclusion The excavation of Ajanta represents extraordinary rock architecture in western Deccan after about three hundred years of abandonment in rock art. It seems technicians avoided a massive basalt trap full of flaws as much as they could in choosing cave site.

Which is better Ajanta or Ellora caves?

Shockingly, these caves had more tourists than the more easily accessed Ellora caves. Unlike the Ellora caves, there are a lot of paintings in Ajanta which was a neat variation to behold. Perhaps the best feature of the Ajanta caves’ is the location which is STUNNING!

Which one is famous painting from Ajanta?

Bodhisattva Padmapani Bodhisattva Padmapani is perhaps the best known of the paintings in Ajanta Caves. Padmapani in Sanskrit literally translates into one who holds the lotus.

How many Jataka stories are in Ajanta?

34 Jātaka stories The Jātaka-Mālā of Arya Śura in Sanskrit gives 34 Jātaka stories. At the Ajanta Caves, Jātaka scenes are inscribed with quotes from Arya Shura, with script datable to the sixth century. It had already been translated into Chinese in 434 CE. Borobudur contains depictions of all 34 Jatakas from Jataka Mala.

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