What is Agena?

[ uh-jee-nuh ] SHOW IPA. / əˈdʒi nə / PHONETIC RESPELLING. noun Rocketry. a U.S. upper stage, with a restartable liquid-propellant engine, used with various booster stages to launch satellites into orbit around the earth and send probes to the moon and planets: also used as a docking target in the Gemini program.

Is the Agena still in orbit?

In 1966, Neil Armstrong and David Scott performed the first ever docking of two spacecraft in orbit with Gemini-8 and the Agena. Thanks to the considerable altitude, it is still in orbit after 50 years.

What was the Agena rocket?

The RM-81 Agena (ədʒiːnə) was an American rocket upper stage and satellite bus which was developed by Lockheed Corporation initially for the canceled WS-117L reconnaissance satellite program.

What was the purpose of the Agena?

The Gemini Agena Target Vehicle was designed to be launched into Earth orbit prior to a Gemini mission and used for rendezvous and docking practice. The GATV had a docking cone at the forward end into which the nose of the Gemini spacecraft could be inserted and held with docking latches.

What happened to the Agena target vehicle?

While the Atlas performed normally, the Agena’s engine exploded during orbital injection. Since the rendezvous and docking was the primary objective, the Gemini 6 mission was scrubbed, and replaced with the alternate mission Gemini 6A, which rendezvoused (but could not dock) with Gemini 7 in December.

What happened Gemini 8?

8) on Gemini 8 had been firing continuously, causing the tumbling. Apparently it had short-circuited while being used to maneuver the Gemini-GATV combination and had stuck open.

What made Gemini 8 spin?

A spacecraft maneuvering thruster malfunctioned causing Neil Armstrong and David Scott’s capsule to tumble out of control. On March 17, 1966, Gemini VIII astronauts Neil Armstrong and David Scott sit in their spacecraft while waiting for the arrival of the recovery ship, the USS Leonard Mason.

What happened Apollo 1?

Apollo 1: A fatal fire. The Apollo program changed forever on Jan. 27, 1967, when a flash fire swept through the Apollo 1 command module during a launch rehearsal test. Despite the best efforts of the ground crew, the three men inside perished.

How many astronauts have died?

As of 2020, there have been 15 astronaut and 4 cosmonaut fatalities during spaceflight. Astronauts have also died while training for space missions, such as the Apollo 1 launch pad fire which killed an entire crew of three. There have also been some non-astronaut fatalities during spaceflight-related activities.

What were Gemini rockets called?

Gemini–Titan II Their launch vehicle was the Gemini–Titan II, a modified Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM). Gemini was the first program to use the newly built Mission Control Center at the Houston Manned Spacecraft Center for flight control.

Why was it called Project Mercury?

The project was named Mercury after a Roman god who was very fast. Each astronaut named his spacecraft. Alan Shepard included a 7 in the name of his Mercury capsule. This was because it was the seventh one made.

Where is the Agena spacecraft?

Country: USA. Spacecraft: Gemini. Launch Vehicles: Atlas, Atlas SLV-3 Agena D. Launch Sites: Cape Canaveral, Cape Canaveral LC14.

What Gemini mission and astronauts performed the 1st docking in space mission?

Gemini VIII The goals of Gemini VIII, the first mission of 1966, included docking with a target vehicle and conducting a lengthy spacewalk during a three-day flight. The actual flight did demonstrate the first docking, but a stuck thruster resulted in an early emergency return. Left: Gemini VIII astronauts David R.

What was the name of NASA’s 3rd space program that took us to the moon?

The Apollo program The Apollo program, also known as Project Apollo, was the third United States human spaceflight program carried out by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which succeeded in preparing and landing the first humans on the Moon from 1968 to 1972.

What is an interesting fact about Neil Armstrong?

Astronaut, military pilot, educator. Born on August 5, 1930, near Wapakoneta, Ohio. On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong made history by becoming the first man to walk on the moon. He developed a fascination with flight at an early age and earned his student pilot’s license when he was 16.

Why does space shuttle roll?

Because the launch pad can’t pivot to the needed angle before liftoff, a shuttle must rotate after launch to adjust. Then the vehicle, which initially moves slightly faster than ISS because it starts off in a lower orbit, can “catch up” to the station and dock with it.

How many Gemini missions were there?

10 The Gemini program consisted of a total of 19 launches, 2 initial uncrewed test missions, 7 target vehicles, and 10 crewed missions, each of which carried two astronauts to Earth orbit.

What type of rocket was used in Project Gemini for the manned space flights?

Titan II rocket The Gemini capsule flew on a Titan II rocket. The two-stage Titan II was originally a missile. NASA made changes to the missile so it could carry people. Before the first astronauts flew on it, it launched without a crew so that NASA could test its safety.

Did Gemini 5 crash?

The 1966 NASA T-38 crash occurred when a NASA Northrop T-38 Talon crashed at Lambert Field in St. Louis, Missouri, on February 28, 1966, killing two Project Gemini astronauts, Elliot See and Charles Bassett. 1966 NASA T-38 crash.

Summary Controlled flight into terrain due to pilot error

How long did Gemini 8 last?

Gemini 8

COSPAR ID 1966-020A
SATCAT no. 2105
Mission duration 10 hours, 41 minutes, 26 seconds
Distance travelled 293,206 kilometers (158,319 nautical miles)
Spacecraft properties

What happened Gemini 5?

It was also the first time an American crewed space mission held the world record for duration, set on August 26, 1965, by breaking the Soviet Union’s previous record set by Vostok 5 in 1963. This record might have been one day longer; however, Gemini V was cut short, due to the approach of Hurricane Betsy.

Why did Gemini spin out of control?

Believing that an attitude-control failure on the docking target was likely, they decided to undock. Scott had a small panel that allowed him to control the Agena; he reset it to ground control and hit the undock button. Away from the target vehicle, Gemini VIII began to roll even more violently.

Did the Gemini spin out of control?

Six and a half hours later, Gemini 8 docked with the GATV, the first docking in space. But 27 minutes after docking, the two spacecraft began to spin out of control. The mission lasted only 10 hours and 41 minutes, but it did accomplish the vital step of the first space docking.

Why is the Gemini 8 mission called the greatest test to date?

In 1966, an important NASA mission called Gemini 8 would mark the greatest test to date. This task was essential if astronauts were to visit the Moon on future NASA missions called Apollo. After the Gemini 8 spacecraft soared into space, it aligned with the target vehicle called the Agena.

Did Apollo 1 astronauts burn to death?

It was 6:31 p.m. on Jan. 27, 1967, when a fire started in Apollo 1 killing Grissom, 40, one of the seven original Mercury astronauts; White, 36, the first American to walk in space; and Chaffee, 31, a rookie awaiting his first flight in space.

Which Apollo mission was a failure?

Apollo 13 (April 11 – 17, 1970) was the seventh crewed mission in the Apollo space program and the third meant to land on the Moon. The craft was launched from Kennedy Space Center on April 11, 1970, but the lunar landing was aborted after an oxygen tank in the service module (SM) failed two days into the mission.

What happened Apollo 5?

SATCAT no. Apollo 5 (launched January 22, 1968), also known as AS-204, was the uncrewed first flight of the Apollo Lunar Module (LM), that would later carry astronauts to the lunar surface. The mission lifted off from Cape Kennedy with a Saturn IB rocket.

Can you get pregnant in outer space?

As a result NASA’s official policy forbids pregnancy in space. Female astronauts are tested regularly in the 10 days prior to launch. And sex in space is very much frowned upon.

How much do astronauts get laid?

The pay grades for civilian astronauts are GS-11 through GS-14, based on academic achievements and experience. Currently, a GS-11 astronaut starts at $64,724 per year; a GS-14 astronaut can earn up to $141,715 in annual salary [source: NASA].

Is there anyone lost in space?

A total of 18 people have lost their lives either while in space or in preparation for a space mission, in four separate incidents. Given the risks involved in space flight, this number is surprisingly low. The remaining four fatalities during spaceflight were all cosmonauts from the Soviet Union.

Why does NASA pronounce Gemini?

0:27 2:36

How did NASA train for space walks?

Astronauts prepare for spacewalks by practicing their tasks underwater in a giant pool called NASA’s Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory. In February 1984, astronaut Bruce McCandless became the first astronaut to move about in space without being connected to a spacecraft. He used a jet-propelled backpack to move around.

What started the race to the moon?

The competition began in earnest on August 2, 1955, when the Soviet Union responded to the US announcement four days earlier of intent to launch artificial satellites for the International Geophysical Year, by declaring they would also launch a satellite “in the near future”.

Who were the first 3 Mercury astronauts?

Their names were publicly announced by NASA on April 9, 1959. These seven original American astronauts were Scott Carpenter, Gordon Cooper, John Glenn, Gus Grissom, Wally Schirra, Alan Shepard, and Deke Slayton.

Mercury Seven
Number selected 7
1962 →

What was the goal of mercury program?

Mission Information The objectives of the program, which made six manned flights from 1961 to 1963, were specific: To orbit a manned spacecraft around Earth. To investigate man’s ability to function in space. To recover both man and spacecraft safely.

How long was Mercury 1 in space?

When Mercury ended in May 1963, both nations had sent six people into space, but the Soviets led the US in total time spent in space. Project Mercury.

Program history
Cost $277 million (1965) $2.25 billion (2019)
Duration 1958–1963
First flight Big Joe 1 September 9, 1959

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