What is Agama in Veda?

Agama, (Sanskrit: “tradition” or “received knowledge”) post-Vedic scripture conveying ritual knowledge and considered to have been revealed by a personal divinity.

How many Vaishnava agamas are there?

The Agama literature is voluminous, and includes 28 Shaiva Agamas, 77 Shakta Agamas (also called Tantras), and 108 Vaishnava Agamas (also called Pancharatra Samhitas), and numerous Upa-Agamas.

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[KEY]What is a Lasker?[/KEY]

A lascar was a sailor or militiaman from the Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia, the Arab world, British Somaliland, or other land east of the Cape of Good Hope, who were employed on European ships from the 16th century until the middle of the 20th century. Lascars served on British ships under “lascar agreements”.

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Is Tantra Buddhist or Hindu?

The Tantras Tantra is a Hindu and Buddhist philosophy which affirms all aspects of the material world as infused with divine feminine power. It is rooted in sacred instructional texts, composed from around the sixth century onwards, called the Tantras.

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[KEY]What is Agama Sastra?[/KEY]

“Agama Shastra” is a Sanskrit term that describes the manual for worship, temple building and rituals, among other things, within the traditions of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. From Sanskrit, agama means “handed down by tradition” or “scriptures,” and shastra refers to a commentary or treatise.

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[KEY]Where does Ahimsa come from?[/KEY]

Ahimsa, commonly referred to as “nonviolence” but more literally translated from Sanskrit as “absence of injury” is an ancient concept originating in the Vedas—Indian spiritual and philosophical wisdom dating from as far back as 1900 BCE, or nearly 4,000 years ago.

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[KEY]What is the meaning of agalma?[/KEY]

An agalma (Ancient Greek: άγαλμα, lit. ‘statue’) is a cult image or votive offering. Agalma may also refer to: Agalma (siphonophore), a marine animal genus in the family Agalmatidae.

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Is Lascar derogatory?

While the Portuguese term encompassed crewmen from South Asia, Southeast Asia and the Arab world, the British East India Company used “lascar” more narrowly to refer to Indian sailors and servants engaged by British military officers. These are considered derogatory to South Asian Hongkongers.

What is the work of Lascar?

The tasks of a Lascar is expected to perform include: Cleaning decks and deck equipment by washing decks, chipping points, painting wood, etc. Occupational hazards may include exhaustion, fatigue, stress, sea sickness, etc.

What do lascars do?

Lascars were engaged to fill the manpower gap on ships returning from India, as some British sailors deserted their ships in India and others died. When British sailors were needed for the Royal Navy during wartime, merchant ships had to rely on the labour of lascars.

Is tantra good or bad?

“Just as there are good trades and bad trades, there is good tantra and bad tantra. A science by itself is neither good nor bad. These days people often associate tantra with black magic, voodoo, drugs, alcohol, and sex. Tantra has become synonymous with immorality and orgies.

What is the difference between mantra and tantra?

Yantra refers to devices that are used for balancing of mind. Tantra defines rituals and meditation acts that can be used to get the freedom from uncontrollably recurring problems. Mantra is a Sanskrit word meaning manas – mind, consciousness, soul + tra, trayate – to free.

What are 4 types of Buddhism?

First up: Theravada Buddhism.

  • Theravada Buddhism: The School Of The Elders. Theravada, the School of the Elders, is the oldest school of Buddhism.
  • Mahayana Buddhism: The Great Vehicle. Next up is Mahayana Buddhism: the most popular branch of Buddhism today.
  • Vajrayana Buddhism: The Way Of The Diamond.

What language do Jains speak?

From the 12th century, various regional languages emerged in North India: variants of Gujarati and Hindi, the two languages predominantly used by the Jains, were also resorted to by new commentators. Today modern forms of these languages are used by Jain religious teachers both in their writings and preaching.

Which is the most important Jaina canon?

History

  • The Tattvārthsūtra is regarded as the most authoritative book on Jainism, and the only text authoritative in both the Svetambara and Digambara sects.
  • Bust of Hemachandra at Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University.
  • Mangulam inscription dated 2nd century BCE.

What language is Agama sutras written in?

Answer: Agama Sutras consists of many sacred books of the Jain religion. They have been written in the Ardha-magadhi Prakrit language.

What are followers of Shiva called?

Followers of Shaivism, called “Shaivas”, revere Shiva as the Supreme Being. Shaivas believe that Shiva is All and in all, the creator, preserver, destroyer, revealer and concealer of all that is.

How long is the Vedas?

Of the four Vedas, the Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda and Atharvaveda, the Rigveda is by far the oldest and consists of about one thousand hymns, made up of about 10,600 verses. The others are typically shorter; the Samaveda has about 1,500 verses, the Atharvaveda has about 6,000 mantras and so on.

How many Puranas are there?

18 Puranas There are traditionally 18 Puranas, but there are several different lists of the 18, as well as some lists of more or fewer than 18.

Who wrote Shilpashastra?

George Michell, an Indologist known for his many books on Hindu temples, art and architecture, dates the text to 7th to 8th-century CE.

What is the most non violent religion?

Non-violence (ahimsa) In Jain theology, it does not matter how correct or defensible the violence may be, one must not kill or harm any being, and non-violence is the highest religious duty.

What religion is ahimsa?

Ahimsa, (Sanskrit: “noninjury”) in the Indian religions of Jainism, Hinduism, and Buddhism, the ethical principle of not causing harm to other living things. In Jainism, ahimsa is the standard by which all actions are judged.

Why is ahimsa so important?

Ahimsa means non-injury. Jains consider nonviolence to be the most essential duty for everyone (ahinsā paramo dharmaḥ). It is an indispensable condition for liberation from the cycle of reincarnation, the ultimate goal of Jainism. The aim of ahimsa is to prevent the accumulation of such karma.

How do you spell Agama?

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