The Battle of El Alamein was primarily fought between two of the outstanding commanders of World War Two, Montgomery, who succeeded the dismissed Auchinleck, and Rommel. The Allied victory at El Alamein lead to the retreat of the Afrika Korps and the German surrender in North Africa in May 1943.
What does El Alamein mean in English?
El Alamein (Arabic: العلمين, IPA: [elʕælæˈmeːn], literally: the two flags) is a town in the northern Matrouh Governorate of Egypt. Located on the Arab’s Gulf, Mediterranean Sea, it lies 106 kilometres (66 mi) west of Alexandria and 240 kilometres (149 mi) northwest of Cairo.
Which general stopped the Germans at El Alamein?
Lieutenant-General Bernard Montgomery was appointed and led the Eighth Army offensive. The Allied victory was the beginning of the end of the Western Desert Campaign, eliminating the Axis threat to Egypt, the Suez Canal and the Middle Eastern and Persian oil fields.
Why was the Battle of Alamein significant?
It ended the long fight for the Western Desert, and was the only great land battle won by the British and Commonwealth forces without direct American participation. The victory also persuaded the French to start cooperating in the North African campaign.
Why did Germany lose the Battle of El Alamein?
The Axis defeat at El Alamein meant that North Africa would be lost to Hitler and Mussolini. The defeat was due to a variety of factors. These included insufficient Axis numbers, overextended supply lines, and Allied air superiority.
What tanks were used at El Alamein?
8 Tanks at the Second Battle of El Alamein
- Italian M13/40. The M13/40 was best tank available to the Italian Army in 1940 but by 1942 it was totally outclassed by the latest British and American designs.
- British Mark lll Valentine.
- British Mk lV Crusader.
- M3 Grant.
- M4 Sherman.
- Panzer Mark lll.
- Panzer Mark lV.
In what country is El Alamein?
Egypt El-Alamein, coastal town in northwestern Egypt, about 60 miles (100 km) west of Alexandria, that was the site of two major battles between British and Axis forces in 1942 during World War II.
How did El Alamein get its name?
Al-Alamein takes its name from the twin peaked hill known as Tell al-Alamein, upon which it stands. Prior to the battles that took place there and near there during World War II, al-Alamein was simply a sleepy stop along the modern north coast railway.
How do you pronounce El Alamein?
How many British soldiers died at El Alamein?
The British had stopped his drive to overrun Egypt and seize the canal. Allied losses for this first battle amounted to some 13,250 killed or wounded of 150,000 troops; for the Axis, some 10,000 killed or wounded of 96,000 troops.3 days ago
What happened at the First Battle of El Alamein?
The First Battle of El Alamein was fought July 1-27, 1942, during World War II (1939-1945). Commencing attacks on July 1, Axis forces proved unable to break through Eighth Army. Subsequent British counterattacks failed to dislodge the enemy and by late July a stalemate ensued.
How many Shermans does El Alamein have?
The army had by now amassed 1,029 tanks, including 216 Crusaders, 194 Valentines, 252 Shermans, and 170 Grants, along with 2,311 artillery pieces. Facing the Allied force were 104,000 German and Italian troops, 489 tanks, of which 300 were inferior Italian models, and 1,219 guns.
How was Stalingrad a turning point in the war?
The Battle of Stalingrad is considered by many historians to have been the turning point in World War Two in Europe. The battle at Stalingrad bled the German army dry in Russia and after this defeat, the Germany Army was in full retreat. The Battle for Stalingrad was fought during the winter of 1942 to 1943.
What was the most significant event in 1943?
- Surrender at Stalingrad marks Germany’s first major defeat.
- Allied victory in North Africa enables invasion of Italy to be launched.
- Italy surrenders, but Germany takes over the battle.
- British and Indian forces fight Japanese in Burma.
How did geography affect the Battle of El Alamein?
It was considered impassable by tanks and most other military vehicles because of features such as salt lakes, high cliffs, and fech fech (very fine powdered sand). The cliffs in particular acted as an edge of the El Alamein battlefield, which meant the British Empire’s forces could not be outflanked to the south.
Was El Alamein a turning point in the war?
Fought near the western frontier of Egypt between 23 October and 4 November 1942, El Alamein was the climax and turning point of the North African campaign of World War Two (1939-45). The Axis army of Italy and Germany suffered a decisive defeat by the British Eighth Army.
Who commanded the Eighth Army at El Alamein?
Eighth Army (United Kingdom)
|Engagements||Western Desert Campaign Tunisia Campaign Sicilian Campaign Italian Campaign|
|Battle honours||Second Battle of El Alamein|
|Notable commanders||Alan Cunningham Neil Ritchie Claude Auchinleck Bernard Montgomery Oliver Leese Richard McCreery|
Why was Dunkirk considered a success?
Dunkirk has become iconic because of its fleet of ships, sent across the bombed and battered waters to save the stranded Allies. The plucky ship, dubbed the “Heroine of Dunkirk”, was a fighter as well as a rescue vessel, even managing to shoot down German planes. Years later, it would be transformed into a nightclub.
How did the Soviets win at Stalingrad quizlet?
How did the Soviet’s win at Stalingrad help advance the Allies’ Europe First strategy? It prompted several Axis countries in Eastern Europe to switch their allegiance. It enabled the Soviets to push the eastern front toward Germany. It enabled the Soviets to push the eastern front toward Germany.
Are tanks good in the desert?
“Old-time armor commanders used to think of deserts as ideal battlegrounds for tanks,” an Israeli military expert said. “But don’t expect to see great tank battles in the Arabian Peninsula.” “There is simply nowhere in the desert for an Iraqi vehicle to hide, much less a column of tanks” a U.S. military official said.