What do you mean by alley cropping?

Alley cropping is a specific practice in which trees or shrubs and agricultural crops are grown in alternate rows (Figure 11.31). The trees are commonly pruned to limit the shading of the agricultural crop. Alley cropping can also contribute to nutrient cycling and erosion control.

What is the benefit of alley cropping?

Alley cropping also creates a microclimate from the increased shade and reduced wind, which in turn increases water use efficiency by crops. Reduced use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Weeds are better controlled, and increased nutrient flow improves soil fertility without the use of fertilizers.

What is the disadvantage of alley cropping?

One disadvantage of alley cropping is that additional labor is required to prune/coppice the trees. Rows of trees reduce wind speed, thereby controlling wind erosion. They also create sheltered microclimates that improves the yield and quality of crops growing in the alleys. Wildlife.

How alley cropping is done?

Alley cropping is an agro-forestry technique in which fast growing leguminous trees are planted in dense hedgerows, and annual crops are planted in the “alleys” between the hedges. Before planting crops, the hedges are pruned, and the leaves are added to soil as mulch.

Which crop is known as white gold?

Cotton Cotton is also known as white gold.

Is intercropping the same with Alley Cropping?

Alley cropping is an agroforestry practice that places trees within agricultural cropland systems. This system is sometimes called intercropping, especially in tropical areas. It is especially attractive to producers interested in growing multiple crops on the same acreage to improve whole-farm yield.

How does alley cropping prevent pests?

Alley cropping can help ward off pests. According to the Center for Agroforestry, “Alley cropping reduces damage from insect pests by reducing crop visibility, diluting pest hosts due to plant diversity, interfering with pest movement, and creating habitat more favorable to beneficial insects.”

Who invented alley cropping?

Mike Hands History. The technique was first developed and trialled by tropical ecologist Mike Hands in Costa Rica in the late 1980s and early ’90s. Research funding from the EEC allowed him to experiment with species of Inga.

Which crop is a dry land crop?

Dryland grain crops include wheat, corn, millet, rye, and other grasses that produce grains. These crops grow using the winter water stored in the soil, rather than depending on rainfall during the growing season. Dryland farmed crops may include winter wheat, maize, beans, sunflowers or even watermelon.

Which crop is known as black gold?

Petroleum is referred to as Black Gold.

Which crop is known as fibre crop?

Which crops are known as fibre crops? The crops that are grown for the fibres to makes ropes, cloth, bags, etc. for commercial purposes. Cotton and jute are widely grown as fibre crops.

What exactly is white gold?

White gold is usually an alloy containing about 75% gold and about 25% nickel and zinc. White gold is an alloy of gold and at least one white metal (usually nickel, silver, or palladium). Like yellow gold, the purity of white gold is given in karats. nickel.

What is Agrisilviculture?

Agri-silviculture is a production technique which combines the growing of agricultural crops with simultaneously raised and protected forest crops. A similar practice involving forest villagers and tribesmen is known as the “taungya system” in Asia.

What is sequential cropping?

Sequential cropping: Growing two or more crops in sequence on the same field per year. The succeeding crop is planted after the preceding crop has been harvested.

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[KEY]What are examples of biological control?[/KEY]

Often, the natural enemies are found in the home range of the invasive pest. Some notable examples of classical biological control include the use of decapitating flies (several Pseudacteon species) against red imported fire ants, and a group of flea beetles, thrips, and stem borers used against alligator weed.

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Why is alley cropping considered a sustainable farming practice?

Alley cropping protects fragile soils through a network of roots produced by the trees and supplemental ground-cover resulting from fallen leaves and the companion crop. Rows of trees, shrubs, and/or grasses planted on the contour of a slope will also serve to reduce soil movement down the slope.

Which is the most popular dryland crop?

Major dry farming crops are millets such as jwar, bajra, ragi, oilseeds like mustard, rapeseed, and pulse crops like pigeon pea , gram and lentil. Almost 80% of maize and Jwar, 90 per cent of Bajraand approximately 95% of pulses and 75% of oilseeds are obtained from dryland agriculture.

What is the best example of erosion resisting crop?

The erosion resisting crops- groundnut, matki, hulga (Dolichos biflorus), soybean.

What are the types of cropping system?

TYPES OF CROPPING SYSTEMS

  • 1 Mono-cropping types of cropping systems. This is the growing of only one type of crop (such as maize) on a piece of land.
  • 1 Mono-cropping types of cropping systems. This is the growing of only one type of crop (such as maize) on a piece of land.

Is black a gold?

There’s no such thing. There is plenty of jewelry on the market that looks like it is made from black gold, and plenty of sellers on the internet advertising their black gold pieces, but black gold is not a natural metal. There is gold that has been blackened, however.

What is called Black Diamond?

Carbonado, commonly known as black diamond, is one of the toughest forms of natural diamond. It is an impure, high-density, micro-porous form of polycrystalline diamond consisting of diamond, graphite, and amorphous carbon, with minor crystalline precipitates filling pores and occasional reduced metal inclusions.

Is Black Gold Pepper?

Peppercorns were a much-prized trade good, often referred to as “black gold” and used as a form of commodity money. The ancient history of black pepper is often interlinked with (and confused with) that of long pepper, the dried fruit of closely related Piper longum.

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